STEM Fatale Podcast
Short Stories 1 - Communist Cancers

Short Stories 1 - Communist Cancers

July 14, 2019

This week we change up the format and talk about TWO historical women in science! Emlyn tells Emma about Dr. Yvonne Barr, who helped discover the first cancer-causing virus in humans, and Emma tells Emma about Dr. Sameera Moussa, an egyptian nuclear physicist who worked to make the medical use of nuclear technology affordable to all! 

 

Sources

Story 1 - Dr. Yvonne Barr

  1. The Cancer Virus: The story of Epstein-Barr Virus. D.H. Crawford, A. Richinson, and I. Johnnessen. 2014. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK
  2. Video of Dr. Yvonne Barr for 50th anniversary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8MXFUHBRQjo 
  3. UK Cancer Research Institute, https://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2014/03/26/50-years-of-epstein-barr-virus/ 
  4. “Viral Causes of Lymphoma: The History of Epstein-Barr Virus and Human T-Lymphotropic Virus” by Daniel Esau, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5621661/pdf/10.1177_1178122X17731772.pdf 
  5. Cancer virus discovery helped by delayed flight, https://www.bbc.com/news/health-26857610 

Story 2 -  Dr. Sameera Moussa 

  1. Sameera Moussa by Ignite Global Fund for Women http://ignite.globalfundforwomen.org/be-the-spark/sameera-moussa
  2. Decou, Christopher. 2018. “This Week in Science: Sameera Moussa, the Egyptian Mother of Nuclear Energy.” https://medium.com/@ccdecou/week-science-history-sameera-moussa-egyptian-89cdc6312838

Further reading on gender equality issues in STEM:

  1. Old boy's club of 1989: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0277539589800111
  2. Negative and marginalizing interactions limiting women's access to important resources: http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/00551c876cc2f027,31a33a3e53bad464,08629c0a217631d5.html
  3. Sexism and microaggressions: https://journals.aps.org/prper/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020119
  4. Research labs described as a “chilly place” for women: http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/00551c876cc2f027,3d9029c134ca6690,734a6ef163b4eb9c.html
  5. Lack of female gatekeepers for research funding:  https://www.ingenere.it/en/articles/gate-keeping-and-gender-challenge-science
  6. More ways in which STEM graduate environments disfavour women: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1179/0308018815Z.000000000112
  7. An article in science magazine about the issue:  https://www.sciencemag.org/careers/2018/10/when-you-re-only-woman-challenges-female-phd-students-male-dominated-cohorts

Music

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

Episode 038 - The Dark Side of Matter

Episode 038 - The Dark Side of Matter

June 24, 2019

Emma tells Emlyn about the astronomer, Dr Vera Rubin, who found the best evidence of dark matter, and Emlyn tells Emma about research showing that male ecologists/zoologists rarely co-author papers with women! 

MERCH here: https://www.redbubble.com/people/STEMFatalePod 

Sources

Main Story - Vera Rubin

  1. Interview of Vera Rubin by Alan Lightman on 1989 April 3, Niels Bohr Library & Archives, American Institute of Physics, College Park, MD USA. https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/33963
  2. Carnegie Science Staff Bio for Vera Rubin. http://dtm.carnegiescience.edu/people/vera-c-rubin
  3. Irion, R. (2002). The Bright Face behind the Dark Sides of Galaxies. Science, 295(5557), 960-961. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3076066 
  4. Overbye, Dennis (2016) “Vera Rubin, 88, Dies; Opened Doors in Astronomy, and for Women.” https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/27/science/vera-rubin-astronomist-who-made-the-case-for-dark-matter-dies-at-88.html?login=facebook
  5. Rubin, Vera C. (2011). An Interesting Voyage. Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 49(1), 1-28. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev-astro-081710-102545

 

Women who werk 

Salerno, P. E., Páez-Vacas, M., Guayasamin, J. M. & Stynoski, J. L. Male principal investigators (almost) don’t publish with women in ecology and zoology. PLoS ONE 14, e0218598–14 (2019). https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0218598 

 

Music

Work” by Rihanna

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

 

Cover Image

Carnegie Institution of Washington, via Associated Press

Episode 037 - Conservation Sensation!

Episode 037 - Conservation Sensation!

June 10, 2019

Emlyn tells Emma about the marine biologist, writer, and environmentalist, Rachel Carson, and Emma tells Emlyn about a heck of a lot of boss ladies!

Sources

Main Story - Rachel Carson

  1. Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rachel_Carson
  2. Women's History: https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/rachel-carson
  3. American Chemical Society: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/rachel-carson-silent-spring.html
  4. Fire Ants Video: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:16-p-1402-2_Fire_Ants_on_Trial.webm

Women who werk

Music

Work” by Rihanna

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

 

Cover Image

Alfred Eisenstaedt/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images

Episode 036 - The BALLer method

Episode 036 - The BALLer method

May 27, 2019

Emma tells Emlyn about the chemist who found an effective treatment for leprosy, and Emlyn tells Emma about emotional contagion in ravens! 

Sources

Main Story - Alice Augusta Ball

  1. Brown, Jeannette. African American Women Chemists. Oxford University Press, 2012.
  2. UW School of Pharmacy. “UWSOP alumni legend Alice Ball, Class of 1914, solved leprosy therapy riddle.” 2017. https://sop.washington.edu/uwsop-alumni-legend-alice-ball-class-of-1914-solved-leprosy-riddle/
  3. Brewster, Carisa D. “How the Woman Who Found a Leprosy Treatment Was Almost Lost to History.” National Geographic. 2018. https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/02/alice-ball-leprosy-hansens-disease-hawaii-womens-history-science/

 

Women who werk

 

Music

Work” by Rihanna

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

 

Cover Image

University of Hawai’i

Episode 035 - Authoritarian Seaweed

Episode 035 - Authoritarian Seaweed

May 13, 2019

Emlyn tells Emma about the Pacific phycologist and Hawaiian ethnobotanist, Dr. Isabella Aiona Abbott, and Emma tells Emlyn about the body mass index (BMI) of Marvel characters!

Sources

 

Main Story - Isabella Aiona Abbott

  1. LONG STORY SHORT WITH LESLIE WILCOX. Isabella Aiona Abbott. https://www.pbshawaii.org/long-story-short-with-leslie-wilcox-isabella-aiona-abbott/
  2. Stanford News, Isabella Abbott, world-renowned Stanford algae expert, dies at 91” https://news.stanford.edu/news/2010/december/izzie-abbott-obit-120710.html
  3. “Pioneering professor is first lady of limu” by Jennifer Crites http://www.hawaii.edu/malamalama/2010/10/isabella-abbott/
  4. Isabella Aiona Abbott: 2001 Distinguished Economic Botanist: Interpreting Pre-Western Hawaiian Culture as an Ethnobotanist. (2002). Economic Botany, 56(1), 3-6. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.lib.utexas.edu/stable/4256514
  5. “Inspiration of Izzie” by Julie Packard https://www.huffpost.com/entry/inspiration-from-izzie_n_791382
  6. “A tribute to Isabella Aiona Abbott on the occasion of her 85th birthday. Happy Birthday Izzie!” by Huisman J.M. and Norris J.N. Cryptogamie, Algol., 2004, 25 (3): 219-239 https://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/23539/1/tribute%20to%20isabella%20abbott.pdf

 

Women who werk

1. Scientists find a possible biomarker for detecting CTE

2. Captain Dorito and the bombshell

 

Music

Work” by Rihanna

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

 

Cover Image

Stanford University

 

Episode 034 - A-Hedy of Her Time

Episode 034 - A-Hedy of Her Time

April 30, 2019

Emma tells Emlyn about the Hollywood star and inventor, Hedy Lamarr, and Emlyn tells Emma about the book, Invisible women! Apologies on this episode, we get excited, and there is quite a bit of audio distortion. 

 

Sources

Main Story - Hedy Lamarr

  1. Bombshell: The Hedy Lamarr Story. Directed by Alexandra Dean (2017).
  2. George, Alice. “Thank This World War II-Era Film Star for Your Wi-Fi.” Smithsonianmag.com. Aug. 4, 2019. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/thank-world-war-ii-era-film-star-your-wi-fi-180971584/
  3. Schearer, Steven M.  Beautiful: The Life of Hedy Lamarr. Sept. 28, 2010. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=d4hLFzsNgKEC&oi=fnd&pg=PT4&dq=hedy+lamarr&ots=uZOGX1rctz&sig=kokzynKHFjilAy2HGANNJ9PphcQ#v=onepage&q&f=false
  4. Ouellette, Jennifer. Hop, Skip and a Jump: Remembering Hedy Lamarr. Jan. 9, 2012. https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/cocktail-party-physics/hop-skip-and-a-jump-remembering-hedy-lamar/

 

Women who werk

Caroline Criado Perez’s book entitled, “Invisible women: data bias in a world designed for men”.

 

Music

Work” by Rihanna

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

 

Cover Image

Zeitgeist Films

Episode 033 - Rift Valleys and Girl Talk

Episode 033 - Rift Valleys and Girl Talk

April 15, 2019

Emlyn tells Emma about the cartographer and oceanographer, Marie Tharp, who mapped the ocean floor and found evidence for continental drift, and Emma tells Emlyn about research on sex differences in spatial reasoning!

Sources

Main Story - Marie Tharp

  1. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute article, “Marie Tharp”: https://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=7500&tid=282&cid=23306
  2. “Marie Tharp - Plate Techtonics Pioneer” by Hali Felt: https://www.geosociety.org/gsatoday/archive/27/6/pdf/i1052-5173-27-6-32.pdf
  3. “Marie Tharp, The Woman Who Discovered The Backbone Of Earth” by David Bressan, Forbes: https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidbressan/2018/07/30/hundreds-missing-and-many-feared-dead-after-laos-dam-collapse/#2d5f9e17f91b
  4. “How One Brilliant Woman Mapped the Secrets of the Ocean Floor | Short Film Showcase” by National Geographic https://youtu.be/vE2FK0B7gPo
  5. Four facts about Marie Tharp, the woman whose art mapped the bottom of the sea by Cassie Freund: https://massivesci.com/articles/marie-tharp-bottom-ocean-maps/

 

Women who werk

Researchers Jillian E. Lauer, Eukyung Yhang, and Stella F. Lourenco describe the development of gender differences in spatial reasoning.

Journal article: https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2019-17809-001?doi=1

Summary: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/04/190411154728.htm

Music

Work” by Rihanna

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

“I’m on a boat” by Lonely Island

 

Cover Image

https://exploration.marinersmuseum.org/subject/marie-tharp/

 

Episode 032 - Easley Does It

Episode 032 - Easley Does It

April 1, 2019

Emma tells Emlyn about the NASA computer, mathematician, and rocket scientist, Annie Easley, and Emlyn tells Emma about the first female winner of the Abel Prize, Dr. Karen Uhlenbeck! 

MERCH here: https://www.redbubble.com/people/STEMFatalePod 

 

Sources

Main Story - Annie J. Easley

  1. Interview of Annie J. Easley by Sandra Johnson, 2001, for the NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project. https://historycollection.jsc.nasa.gov/JSCHistoryPortal/history/oral_histories/NASA_HQ/Herstory/EasleyAJ/easleyaj.htm
  2. “Annie Easley, Computer Scientist” by Anne K. Mills. 2014. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/annie-easley-computer-scientist
  3. “The Trailblazing Human Computer Who Represented a New Age of Working Women” By Belle Hutton. 2018. http://www.anothermag.com/fashion-beauty/gallery/9695/annie-easley/4

 

Women who werk - Dr. Karen Uhlenbeck

  1. “Retired UT professor becomes first woman to win prestigious prize in mathematics” by Brenna Hinshaw. http://www.dailytexanonline.com/2019/03/25/retired-ut-professor-becomes-first-woman-to-win-prestigious-prize-in-mathematics
  2. “Karen Uhlenbeck, Uniter of Geometry and Analysis, Wins Abel Prize” by Erica Klarreich. https://www.quantamagazine.org/karen-uhlenbeck-uniter-of-geometry-and-analysis-wins-abel-prize-20190319/
  3. “Karen Uhlenbeck Is First Woman to Win Abel Prize for Mathematics” by https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/19/science/karen-uhlenbeck-abel-prize.html

 

Music

Work” by Rihanna

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

Cover Image

NASA

 

Episode 031 - Lady with the Lamp (and Owlet)

Episode 031 - Lady with the Lamp (and Owlet)

March 18, 2019

Emlyn tells Emma about the founder of modern nursing, Florence Nightingale, and Emma tells Emlyn about schoolgirl climate change warrior, Greta Thunberg. 

WARNING: This episode gets nasty (i.e. war hospitals in the 1800s).

MERCH here: https://www.redbubble.com/people/STEMFatalePod 

 

Sources

Main Story - Florence Nightingale

  1. “Florence Nightingale” by History Channel: https://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/florence-nightingale-1
  2. “Florence Nightingale: the Lady with the Lamp By” Mark Bostridge. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/nightingale_01.shtml#five
  3. Nightingale in Scutari: Her Legacy Reexamined by Christopher J. Gill and Gillian C. Gillhttps://academic.oup.com/cid/article/40/12/1799/314039
  4. "A history that lives on: Florence Nightingale and Mary Seacole first met in the Crimea. Elizabeth Anionwu describes how they overcame personal battles to get there." by  Anionwu, Elizabeth. http://link.galegroup.com.ezproxy.lib.utexas.edu/apps/doc/A270979329/HRCA?u=txshracd2598&sid=HRCA&xid=4378b9e3.
  5. Florence Nightingale, the Woman and her Legend, by Mark Bostridge
  6. Eight little-known facts about Florence Nightingale by the History Press https://www.thehistorypress.co.uk/articles/eight-little-known-facts-about-florence-nightingale/
  7. A Brief History of Sexy Nurses by Dan Gentile. https://www.thrillist.com/sex-dating/nation/history-of-the-sexy-nurse

Women who werk

Greta Thunberg, schoolgirl climate change warrior: ‘Some people can let things go. I can’t’ by Jonathan Watts (2019). https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/11/greta-thunberg-schoolgirl-climate-change-warrior-some-people-can-let-things-go-i-cant

 

Music

Work” by Rihanna

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

“The Fish Cheer / I-Feel-Like-I’m-Fixin’-To Die Rag” by Country Joe and The Fish

Cover Image

Wellcome Images

Episode 030 - Terracotta Heads and the Island of Sacrifices

Episode 030 - Terracotta Heads and the Island of Sacrifices

March 4, 2019

Emma tells Emlyn about the American anthropologist and archeologist, Zelia Nuttall, who spent her life studying remnants of ancient Mexican civilizations, and Emlyn tells Emma about #MeTooSTEM founder, Dr. McLaughlin, and Project PHaEDRA!

Merch here: https://www.redbubble.com/people/STEMFatalePod 

 

Sources

Main Story - Zelia Nuttall

  1. The Archaeologist Who Helped Mexico Find Glory in Its Indigenous Past. McNeil, Leila. Smithsonian.com. Nov 5, 2018. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/archaeologist-who-helped-mexico-find-glory-its-past-180970700/
  2. Ruiz, Carmen. Insiders and outsiders in Mexican archaeology (1890-1930). Diss. 2003. https://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/handle/2152/905
  3. Zelia Nuttall: The Queen of Mexican Archeology https://www.rejectedprincesses.com/princesses/zelia-nuttall
  4. Tozzer, Alfred M. Zelia Nuttall. American Anthropologist 35.3 (1933): 475-482. https://anthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1525/aa.1933.35.3.02a00070 
  5. Adams, Amanda. Ladies of the Field: Early Women Archaeologists and Their Search for Adventure.

Women who werk

Shoutout #1: Science article about Dr. McLaughlin. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/02/neuroscientist-fighting-sexual-harassment-science-her-own-job-peril

Shoutout #2: Project Phaedra. https://library.cfa.harvard.edu/project-phaedra

 

Music

Work” by Rihanna

“Mary Anning” by Artichoke

 

Cover Image: The Bancroft Library, University of California

Images of Terracotta Heads: https://archive.org/details/jstor-495843/page/n23